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Enhancing Language Proficiency: Quality Over Quantity in Vocabulary Teaching

In the vast realm of language learning, the debate between the significance of quality and quantity often takes center stage.



Quality over quantity in teaching vocabulary


English, a language brimming with approximately 170,000 words in current use and an additional 47,000 obsolete words, stands as a linguistic juggernaut. The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR), a global standard for gauging language proficiency, provides a structured scale from A1 for beginners to C2 for language mastery, aiding educators, learners, employers, and institutions in understanding and comparing language qualifications.


The CEFR's estimates of vocabulary sizes at different proficiency levels shed light on the journey of language learners:


  • A1 (Beginner): 500-700 words

  • A2 (Elementary): 1,000-1,200 words

  • B1 (Intermediate): 2,000-2,500 words

  • B2 (Upper Intermediate): 3,000-3,500 words

  • C1 (Advanced): 4,000-5,000 words

  • C2 (Proficient): 8,000 words or more


However, it's crucial to recognize that vocabulary size alone does not holistically measure language proficiency. The CEFR emphasizes the development of various language skills, including listening, speaking, reading, and writing, alongside vocabulary knowledge and grammatical accuracy. Proficiency levels are intricately linked to the learner's ability to employ language in diverse contexts and for multifaceted purposes.


Teaching Vocabulary


As a practitioner in the field, teaching English Communication lessons in South East Asia, I often encounter the challenge of fostering meaningful language acquisition. The conventional approach of bombarding students with numerous words in a short span can be overwhelming. This method, characterized by rote pronunciation and simplistic examples, may not be the most effective.


When the CEFR indicates a vocabulary target for a certain level, such as 2,250 words for B1 (Intermediate), it's essential to delve deeper into what constitutes this lexicon. Is it 2,250 unique words, or does it encompass various forms of the same word? The latter holds true, presenting an opportunity for educators to encourage a profound understanding of each word. For instance, a single verb can have up to five forms: root, third-person singular, present participle, past, and past participle. Expanding our teaching approach to cover these forms significantly enriches a learner's vocabulary.


To truly enhance vocabulary, consider the power of prefixes and suffixes. By incorporating these linguistic elements into lessons, a simple root word transforms into a multitude of expressions. Take, for instance, the word "forget" and its derivatives: forgot, forgetting, forgotten, forgets, forgettable, and unforgettable.


Additionally, embracing synonyms and antonyms amplifies the depth and breadth of vocabulary.


In light of these considerations, I advocate for a paradigm shift in language education: quality over quantity.

Educators, let's focus on empowering our learners to forge a profound connection with each word, exploring its various forms, associations, and nuances. By doing so, we not only equip them with a rich vocabulary but also instill a deeper understanding of the language.


I invite fellow teachers to join the conversation and share your insights and experiences. Your valuable input contributes to the collective journey of refining language education practices.

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